After the spacecraft swung across the moon, another maneuver decreased the coast time back to earth and moved the touchdown point from the Indian Ocean to the South Pacific. At 1:Fifty five a.m. EST November 19, the Intrepid landed on the moon’s Ocean of Storms, about 163 meters from the Surveyor III spacecraft that had landed April 19, 1967. Conrad, shorter than Neil Armstrong (first man on the moon, July 20), had just a little difficulty negotiating the final step from the LM ladder to the lunar surface. At 8:50 a.m. July 20, Armstrong and Aldrin reentered the LM and checked out all methods. EDT to put the spacecraft in a trajectory toward the moon. EDT July 20. Armstrong reported to mission control at MSC, “Houston, Tranquillity Base here – the Eagle has landed.” (Eagle was the name given to the Apollo eleven LM; the CSM was named Columbia.) Man’s first step on the moon was taken by Armstrong at 10:Fifty six p.m.
July 21. All lunar extravehicular activities were televised in black-and-white. A crew inspection of the probe and docking mechanism was televised throughout the coast toward the moon. The crew and floor personnel have been unable to determine why the CSM and LM had did not dock correctly, however there was no indication that the techniques would not work when used later within the flight. The LM successfully docked with the CSM after being up to 183.5 kilometers away from it through the six-and-one-half-hour separation. At 3:48 p.m., onboard Tv was begun for five and one-half minutes. The Saturn V’s S-IVB stage and the spacecraft have been inserted into an earth parking orbit of 189.9 by 184.Four kilometers while the onboard programs had been checked. Activities during earth orbit and translunar injection have been similar to these of the earlier lunar landing missions.
A second preplanned midcourse correction that adjusted the trajectory to coincide with a July lunar landing trajectory was executed at 3:19 p.m. A second service-propulsion-system burn placed the spacecraft in a circularized orbit, after which astronaut Aldrin entered the LM for 2 hours of housekeeping together with a voice and telemetry take a look at and an oxygen-purge-system verify. EST November 19. Through the second EVA, Conrad and Bean retrieved the lunar module Tv digicam for return to earth for a failure evaluation, obtained photographic panoramas, core and trench samples, a lunar atmosphere pattern, and assorted rock, dirt, bedrock, and molten samples. Conrad and Bean again transferred to the LM, where they perfomed housekeeping chores, a voice and telemetry take a look at, and an oxygen purge system examine. Apollo 12 (AS-507)-with astronauts Charles Conrad, Jr., Richard F. Gordon, Jr., and Alan L. Bean as the crewmen-was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, KSC, at 11:22 a.m. Apollo 11 (AS-506) – with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., aboard – was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, KSC, at 9:32 a.m. Apollo 9 (AS-504), the primary manned flight with the lunar module (LM-3), was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, KSC, on a Saturn V launch vehicle at 11:00 a.m. On March 5 McDivitt and Schweickart entered the LM by means of the docking tunnel, evaluated the LM systems, transmitted the primary of two collection of telecasts, and fired the LM descent propulsion system.